# Importing Data

Importing data into R is fairly simple. For Stata and Systat, use the foreign package. For SPSS and SAS I would recommend the Hmisc package for ease and functionality. See the Quick-R section on packages, for information on obtaining and installing the these packages. Example of importing data are provided below.

## From A Comma Delimited Text File

```
# first row contains variable names, comma is separator
# assign the variable id to row names
# note the / instead of \ on mswindows systems
mydata <- read.table("c:/mydata.csv", header=TRUE,
sep=",", row.names="id")
```

(To practice importing a csv file, try this exercise.)

## From Excel

One of the best ways to read an Excel file is to export it to a comma delimited file and import it using the method above. Alternatively you can use the **xlsx** package to access Excel files. The first row should contain variable/column names.

```
# read in the first worksheet from the workbook myexcel.xlsx
# first row contains variable names
library(xlsx)
mydata <- read.xlsx("c:/myexcel.xlsx", 1)
# read in the worksheet named mysheet
mydata <- read.xlsx("c:/myexcel.xlsx", sheetName = "mysheet")
```

(To practice, try this exercise on importing an Excel worksheet into R.)

## From SPSS

```
# save SPSS dataset in trasport format
get file='c:\mydata.sav'.
export outfile='c:\mydata.por'.
# in R
library(Hmisc)
mydata <- spss.get("c:/mydata.por", use.value.labels=TRUE)
# last option converts value labels to R factors
```

(To practice importing SPSS data with the **foreign** package, try this exercise.)

## From SAS

```
# save SAS dataset in trasport format
libname out xport 'c:/mydata.xpt';
data out.mydata;
set sasuser.mydata;
run;
# in R
library(Hmisc)
mydata <- sasxport.get("c:/mydata.xpt")
# character variables are converted to R factors
```

## From Stata

```
# input Stata file
library(foreign)
mydata <- read.dta("c:/mydata.dta")
```

(To practice importing Stata data with the **foreign** package, try this exercise.)

## From systat

```
# input Systat file
library(foreign)
mydata <- read.systat("c:/mydata.dta")
```

## Going Further

Try this interactive course: Importing Data in R (Part 1), to work with csv and xlsx files in R. To work with SAS, Stata, and other formats try Part 2.